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Company Overview

  • BHP Group (BHP) is a world-leading resources company which extracts and processes minerals, oil, and gas primarily in Australia and the Americas.
  • It has a diversified commodity mix and sells its products worldwide. Its sales and marketing are led through Singapore and Houston, United States.
  • The company is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia and employs more than 80 000 employees and contractors.
  • BHP operates under a dual-listed structure, being BHP Group Limited and BHP Group Plc.
  • It is among the top producers of major commodities, including iron ore, metallurgical coal, and copper.

Key Investment Drivers

Commodity Diversification: BHP has a diversified portfolio mix with the contribution to group revenue and EBITDA from the Iron Ore division being 50% and 64%, respectively. Copper contributes 26% to group revenue and 19% to group EBITDA, Coal 15% and 7%, and Petroleum 10% and 10% to group revenue and EBITDA, respectively.


Low-Cost Production: BHP’s high quality asset portfolio stands out among its global peers due to its low-cost position on the cost curve. This enables it to extract competitive margins and better free cash flow (FCF) yields even in market conditions where commodity prices are depressed. It is currently the lowest unit cost producer in Iron Ore, globally.


Balance Sheet Strength: After significant deleveraging, the company has managed to strengthen its balance sheet over the past four financial years and continues to maintain this position. This provides it with better flexibility for future growth and increased cash shareholder returns when compared to its competitors.


Competitive FCF Yields: Its FCF generation is comparable to peers, even with the Petroleum division having been weak in FY20. This provides a potential upside on a recovery in the oil price.


Minimised Risks through Diversification: BHP's diversified portfolio allows it a crucial hedge against commodity price declines in comparison to single-commodity mining companies, which minimises its risks in volatile commodity markets.


Participation in Clean Energy through Copper: BHP is a significant global producer of Copper. Copper helps reduce CO2 emissions and is one of the best renewable sources due to its chemical properties that enable it to reduce the amount of energy needed to produce electricity. BHP’s exposure to copper creates the opportunity for the company to be a contributor to the world’s move into a cleaner energy world, which gives it better future growth prospects than its peers.


  • A downturn in commodity prices driven by subdued demand.
  • Uncertainties around the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the commodities markets.
  • Project execution in Copper (Escondida and Olympic Dam) and Potash (Jansen) projects in the pipeline and its impact on growth prospects.
  • Macroeconomic factors such as China’s steel consumption are a critical driver for the Iron Ore division which is the largest part of the business.
  • Operating challenges and employees getting infected by the Coronavirus could have a negative impact of planned/guided production volumes.

About the Author

Lwando Ngwane
Equity Analyst, Sasfin Wealth

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